Caillaux, Joseph

(1863-1944)
   political leader
   A controversial figure in French politics, Joseph Caillaux was born in Le Mans. He was elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1898 and, as a member of the Radical socialist Party, served three times as minister of finance between 1899 and 1911. Later, as prime minister (1911-12), he won Germany's agreement to a French protectorate over Morocco. As finance minister again (1913-14), he sponsored passage of France's first income tax law. In 1914 his wife, in a famous incident, shot and killed the editor of le Figaro, gaston calmette, for having published personal letters written by Caillaux. Caillaux resigned from the government to defend her at her trial, and won an acquittal. During World War I, Caillaux favored a negotiated peace with Germany and, for that reason, was accused by the premier, georges Clemenceau, of treasonable correspondence with the enemy. Found guilty by a high court, he was imprisoned from 1918 to 1920. Later amnestied, Caillaux subsequently returned to the government as a senator (1925) and again as finance minister (1925, 1926, and 1935). He is the author of his Mémoires.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Caillaux, Joseph — ▪ French statesman in full  Joseph marie auguste Caillaux   born March 30, 1863, Le Mans, France died Nov. 22, 1944, Mamers  French statesman who was an early supporter of a national income tax and whose opposition to World War I led to his… …   Universalium

  • Caillaux, Joseph (-Marie-Auguste) — (30 mar. 1863, Le Mans, Francia–22 nov. 1944, Mamers). Político francés. Se desempeñó varias veces como ministro de hacienda y fue uno de los primeros impulsores del impuesto nacional sobre la renta, aunque sin éxito. Fue nombrado primer ministro …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Caillaux, Joseph (-Marie-Auguste) — born March 30, 1863, Le Mans, France died Nov. 22, 1944, Mamers French politician. Serving several times as minister of finance, he was an early but unsuccessful advocate of a national income tax. He was named premier in 1911 but was forced to… …   Universalium

  • Joseph Caillaux — 75º primer ministro de Francia en la Tercera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Joseph Caillaux — Joseph (Marie Auguste) Caillaux (* 30. März 1863 in Le Mans; † 21. November 1944 in Mamers) war ein französischer Staatsmann der Dritten Republik und von Juni 1911 bis Januar 1912 Premierminister. Er war früher Befürworter einer nationalen Einko …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Wresinski — [en polonais Józef Wrzesiński] (Angers 12 février 1917 Méry sur Oise 14 février 1988) est un prêtre diocésain français, fondateur du Mouvement des droits de l Homme ATD Quart Monde. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CAILLAUX (J.) — CAILLAUX JOSEPH (1863 1944) Personnage hors série de la IIIe République, Joseph Caillaux est issu de la bourgeoisie mancelle. Inspecteur des Finances, il se fait élire député de Mamers en 1898. L’année suivante, il est ministre des Finances dans… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Caillaux — ist der Name folgender Personen: Henriette Caillaux (1874–1943), französische Sozialistin und zweite Ehefrau Joseph Caillaux Joseph Caillaux (1863–1944), französischer Premierminister Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung z …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Caillaux — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Caillaux. Joseph Caillaux Joseph Caillaux …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joseph — /joh zeuhf, seuhf/, n. 1. Jacob s eleventh son, the first of Jacob and his second wife, Rachel: sold into slavery by his brothers. Gen. 30:22 24; 37. 2. the husband of Mary who was the mother of Jesus. Matt. 1:16 25. 3. (Hinmaton yalaktit), c1840 …   Universalium

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